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Handelsfrei kommunizieren

Handelsfrei kommunizieren

#ffffffMany people may not think much about how they are communicating with each other over the internet, since most humans are using popular “">;">Many people may not think much about how they are communicating with each other over the internet, since most humans are using popular “soziale 25. Juni 2020

#ffffffCommunication means text, emoji, gifs, group chats, video and audio, or even screen-sharing. So, a lot of tools. The problem with communication is that you may need some central point to receive and deliver messages. Let me quickly explain:">;">Communication means text, emoji, gifs, group chats, video and audio, or even screen-sharing. So, a lot of tools. The problem with communication is that you may need some central point to receive and deliver messages. Let me quickly explain:

#ffffff">;">Ana möchte mit Bubu kommunizieren. Text oder Bilder senden, oder Sprach-/Videotelefonieren und so weiter. Sie leben jeweils auf der anderen Seite der Erde. Sie haben eine Internetverbindung. Wie können sie einander finden und Informationen austauschen?

#ffffffIf they would use a trade-based service like Facebook, then all they need is a browser (think of it as an “app”), visit a specific website (like facebook.com), register an account with Facebook, and then they can search for each other using the Facebook search for example. They will need a unique ID on that network, so Ana cannot choose her username as “Ana” since someone else has it, therefore she will choose Ana_Banana_Mau. Same for “Bubu”. Her ID is then easier for Bubu to find on Facebook. Ana will also be given a unique URL, something like facebook.com/Aba_Banana_Mau. Now Ana can connect with Bubu via this centralized platform by using an app (a browser) + an account. All the messages, photos, and such that they send to each other are stored on Facebook’s servers, then delivered to the other one. When Ana sends her private thoughts and photos to Bubu, she first sends them to Facebook, Facebook stores them, then they send them to Bubu.">;">If they would use a trade-based service like Facebook, then all they need is a browser (think of it as an “app”), visit a specific website (like facebook.com), register an account with Facebook, and then they can search for each other using the Facebook search for example. They will need a unique ID on that network, so Ana cannot choose her username as “Ana” since someone else has it, therefore she will choose Ana_Banana_Mau. Same for “Bubu”. Her ID is then easier for Bubu to find on Facebook. Ana will also be given a unique URL, something like facebook.com/Aba_Banana_Mau. Now Ana can connect with Bubu via this centralized platform by using an app (a browser) + an account. All the messages, photos, and such that they send to each other are stored on Facebook’s servers, then delivered to the other one. When Ana sends her private thoughts and photos to Bubu, she first sends them to Facebook, Facebook stores them, then they send them to Bubu.

#ffffffEven if the messages are encrypted, Facebook has the power to still collect data about the users (when they send the messages, from where, and such); Facebook still has the power to insert ads into the messenger; Facebook has the power to force users to pay for this service, and such. That’s because Facebook is the central point and such a great power comes with a great incentive for coercion and abuse. Also, relying on a single central point means that if Facebook disappears, all that Ana and Bubu talked to each other and sent to each other will be lost. Forever.">;">Even if the messages are encrypted, Facebook has the power to still collect data about the users (when they send the messages, from where, and such); Facebook still has the power to insert ads into the messenger; Facebook has the power to force users to pay for this service, and such. That’s because Facebook is the central point and such a great power comes with a great incentive for coercion and abuse. Also, relying on a single central point means that if Facebook disappears, all that Ana and Bubu talked to each other and sent to each other will be lost. Forever.

#ffffffBut we need such “servers” like Facebook to enable communication, else Ana and Bubu cannot find each other in this great sea of Internet. Facebook wants user’s attention (ads), and data in order to let them use their Facebook service to communicate. Facebook can also censor and limit what users share with each other. Therefore Facebook is a trade-based communication tool. Users trade their privacy and data, their attention, and are subject to limitations in terms of communication. WhatsApp, Telagram, Zoom, and pretty much most of these popular communication platforms are trade-based. WhatsApp collects data, Telegram can censor content, Zoom limits you unless you pay them, and so forth.">;">But we need such “servers” like Facebook to enable communication, else Ana and Bubu cannot find each other in this great sea of Internet. Facebook wants user’s attention (ads), and data in order to let them use their Facebook service to communicate. Facebook can also censor and limit what users share with each other. Therefore Facebook is a trade-based communication tool. Users trade their privacy and data, their attention, and are subject to limitations in terms of communication. WhatsApp, Telagram, Zoom, and pretty much most of these popular communication platforms are trade-based. WhatsApp collects data, Telegram can censor content, Zoom limits you unless you pay them, and so forth.

#ffffffTo reduce the risk of a centralized power grabbing service, we can create “nodes”. Nodes are like servers, but multiple of, and independent. At times nodes can be other users. Let me explain:">;">To reduce the risk of a centralized power grabbing service, we can create “nodes”. Nodes are like servers, but multiple of, and independent. At times nodes can be other users. Let me explain:

LEVEL 1: EIN GUTES FACEBOOK MESSENGER

#ffffffAlthough multiple nodes seem like an excellent solution, there are trade-free communication tools that rely on a central point (server). If these services are supported by donations and they do not have a business model, then it is likely for them to be trade-free. One such example is">;">Although multiple nodes seem like an excellent solution, there are trade-free communication tools that rely on a central point (server). If these services are supported by donations and they do not have a business model, then it is likely for them to be trade-free. One such example is der Signal-Messenger die auf einen zentralen Server angewiesen sind, aber keinen Handel von den Benutzern wollen: keine Werbung, keine Premium-Funktionen, keine künstlichen Einschränkungen außer (vielleicht) technischen Einschränkungen. Was Ana und Bubu brauchen, ist eine Telefonnummer, um ein Konto bei Signal zu erstellen, damit sie sich finden und kommunizieren können. In dieser Hinsicht ist Signal dasselbe wie Facebook, nur dass es ein „gutes“ Facebook ist, das keine Trades von den Benutzern will. Die Nachrichten zwischen den Signal-Benutzern werden auf einem zentralen Server gespeichert, aber sie sind verschlüsselt, sodass Signal nicht wissen kann, was Benutzer tun. Daher können sie keine Inhalte zensieren oder die Kommunikation zwischen den beiden stören.

#ffffffIf the organization behind Signal gets into financial problems, then it is possible for them to push trades to users such as ads, data collection, premium features and the like. Relying on a centralized system can be a weak foundation for a communication platform. However, as long as the service remains trade-free, then it should not matter how that is achieved.">;">If the organization behind Signal gets into financial problems, then it is possible for them to push trades to users such as ads, data collection, premium features and the like. Relying on a centralized system can be a weak foundation for a communication platform. However, as long as the service remains trade-free, then it should not matter how that is achieved.

LEVEL 2: MEHRERE SIGNAL'S

#ffffffAna and Bubu want to communicate with each other. To do that, they use a browser or a messaging application that, at its core, is set up to connect not with one central point like Signal, but to multiple of. Imagine many Signal’s independent of each other. So, say Ana and Bubu use the browser to visit the">;">Ana and Bubu want to communicate with each other. To do that, they use a browser or a messaging application that, at its core, is set up to connect not with one central point like Signal, but to multiple of. Imagine many Signal’s independent of each other. So, say Ana and Bubu use the browser to visit the www.riot.im/app zu gehen. Ähnlich wie bei facebook.com können sich die Benutzer dieser Website mit einer eindeutigen ID registrieren. Ana und Bubu registrieren sich. Dann teilen sie ihre IDs miteinander, indem sie entweder eine andere Art der Kommunikation benutzen (z.B. per E-Mail oder Telefon) oder in der Datenbank von Riot nach ihren Benutzernamen suchen. In dieser Hinsicht ist Riot sehr ähnlich zu Facebook oder Signal.

#ffffffThe main difference is that Riot is based on a technology called [matrix] and this [matrix], to put it simply, allows for many clones of Riot anywhere in the world. Ana’s and Bubu’s accounts do not belong to Riot, but to the [matrix] network that Riot is built upon. Therefore if Ana wants to use another messaging app like Fractal, and not Riot, she can install Fractal and log in with the same username and password. Riot is like the shell, and [matrix] is the core. You can change both. If Fractal does not support video calls, then maybe Riot does, so the user can choose what to use. If one has limitations, then other may not. Alternatively you can change the core. Riot promotes their own [matrix] server (matrix.org) to register with. The registration is trade-free it seems. Ana registers there but when she logs in with her ID through Riot, she sees that Riot pushes a notification about the matrix.org paid-service “">;">The main difference is that Riot is based on a technology called [matrix] and this [matrix], to put it simply, allows for many clones of Riot anywhere in the world. Ana’s and Bubu’s accounts do not belong to Riot, but to the [matrix] network that Riot is built upon. Therefore if Ana wants to use another messaging app like Fractal, and not Riot, she can install Fractal and log in with the same username and password. Riot is like the shell, and [matrix] is the core. You can change both. If Fractal does not support video calls, then maybe Riot does, so the user can choose what to use. If one has limitations, then other may not. Alternatively you can change the core. Riot promotes their own [matrix] server (matrix.org) to register with. The registration is trade-free it seems. Ana registers there but when she logs in with her ID through Riot, she sees that Riot pushes a notification about the matrix.org paid-service “modular“. Sie hasst Anzeigen und einen solchen Ansatz und beschließt, einen anderen kostenlosen [Matrix] Server von vielen zu verwenden Listen Online verfügbar. Sie registriert sich bei converer.eu und entfernt diese nervige Anzeige, hat jedoch über Riot Zugriff auf dieselben Funktionen wie zuvor. Wieder verwendet sie denselben Riot Messenger, aber einen anderen „Knoten“. Wenn Ana das Wissen hat, kann sie ihren eigenen Server (Knoten) erstellen und ihre eigene [Matrix] hosten, so dass sie ihre eigenen Regeln erstellt, und sie kann Riot, Fractal oder jede andere Messaging-App zusammen mit ihrem eigenen [Matrix] -Server verwenden . Ana und Bubu haben eine viel größere Auswahl an Möglichkeiten, wie sie online kommunizieren können.

#ffffffLEVEL 2 communication tool is great. It allows us to choose our “signal”. Variations of such protocols allow for users registered on one server to communicate with users from another server. So Ana and Bubu do not have to register with the same server. And the fact that users with experience can create their own servers means that the power is distributed so no central server can decide and govern over users. Since the LEVEL 2 communication relies on hopping from one node to another, and choosing between this and that, it can become a bit cumbersome for some users. Changing Riot with Fractal, the shell, is super easy, but changing the shell means you have to export your settings (if possible), from one node, and move to another.">;">LEVEL 2 communication tool is great. It allows us to choose our “signal”. Variations of such protocols allow for users registered on one server to communicate with users from another server. So Ana and Bubu do not have to register with the same server. And the fact that users with experience can create their own servers means that the power is distributed so no central server can decide and govern over users. Since the LEVEL 2 communication relies on hopping from one node to another, and choosing between this and that, it can become a bit cumbersome for some users. Changing Riot with Fractal, the shell, is super easy, but changing the shell means you have to export your settings (if possible), from one node, and move to another.

LEVEL 3: EINE MATRIX ZUHAUSE

#ffffffWhat if instead of relying on nodes to register and manage the communication, we only use nodes to connect people and all of the hard work is done on people’s computers? LEVEL 3 is the best, easiest and the most robust trade-free of them all. Ana wants to talk to Bubu. They only need to install an application and register locally, on their computer (choose an username), and then share the uniquely created ID with the other one. That’s it. Now they are connected. But how?">;">What if instead of relying on nodes to register and manage the communication, we only use nodes to connect people and all of the hard work is done on people’s computers? LEVEL 3 is the best, easiest and the most robust trade-free of them all. Ana wants to talk to Bubu. They only need to install an application and register locally, on their computer (choose an username), and then share the uniquely created ID with the other one. That’s it. Now they are connected. But how?

#ffffffWhen Ana writes a message to Bubu, her message (encrypted) jumps to all kinds of nodes, such as other users, or servers, that only connect the two. They do not and cannot store anything more than that. They are the phone lines between phones. And the fact that there are so many and randomly distributed around the world, it means that it is nearly impossible to cut the connection between Ana and Bubu. It also means that their communication cannot be censored or limited in any way. Ana can send as many photos and messages to Bubu as she wants. They can video call as much as they want. They can talk for as long as they want and whenever they want. And they also act as nodes. So the more people that join this network, the better. Beautiful. Distributed. Decentralized. Private. Robust. Local. Yours.">;">When Ana writes a message to Bubu, her message (encrypted) jumps to all kinds of nodes, such as other users, or servers, that only connect the two. They do not and cannot store anything more than that. They are the phone lines between phones. And the fact that there are so many and randomly distributed around the world, it means that it is nearly impossible to cut the connection between Ana and Bubu. It also means that their communication cannot be censored or limited in any way. Ana can send as many photos and messages to Bubu as she wants. They can video call as much as they want. They can talk for as long as they want and whenever they want. And they also act as nodes. So the more people that join this network, the better. Beautiful. Distributed. Decentralized. Private. Robust. Local. Yours.

#ffffffThe downside of such a system is that the connection, at times, can be slow. Also, if Ana sends a message to Bubu then she goes offline, and Bubu is also offline, when Bubu returns back online he won’t see the message, since the message is hosted on Ana’s computer only. Bubu will receive the message when Ana comes back online. There are ways in this LEVEL 3 communication for messages to be stored by these random nodes and delivered even if the sender is not online anymore. The good part is that conversations are stored locally so no one can remove them, but you. In all, this level seems to be the best one so far. At LEVEL 3, Ana and Bubu can truly communicate trade-free, without any artificial restriction in place.">;">The downside of such a system is that the connection, at times, can be slow. Also, if Ana sends a message to Bubu then she goes offline, and Bubu is also offline, when Bubu returns back online he won’t see the message, since the message is hosted on Ana’s computer only. Bubu will receive the message when Ana comes back online. There are ways in this LEVEL 3 communication for messages to be stored by these random nodes and delivered even if the sender is not online anymore. The good part is that conversations are stored locally so no one can remove them, but you. In all, this level seems to be the best one so far. At LEVEL 3, Ana and Bubu can truly communicate trade-free, without any artificial restriction in place.

#ffffffTrade Free alternatives">;">Trade Free alternatives

#ffffffTo sort out the trade-free apps that we will recommend, we will rely on the LEVELS of communication and 4 core features to showcase the usefulness of these trade-free apps (needless to say all of these applications use encryption – we are also going to ignore all email clients since they require you to have an account somewhere else, probably trade-based):">;">To sort out the trade-free apps that we will recommend, we will rely on the LEVELS of communication and 4 core features to showcase the usefulness of these trade-free apps (needless to say all of these applications use encryption – we are also going to ignore all email clients since they require you to have an account somewhere else, probably trade-based):

#ffffffTEXT">;">TEXT

#ffffffGROUPS">;">GROUPS

#ffffffAUDIO/VIDEO">;">AUDIO/VIDEO

#ffffffFILE SHARE">;">FILE SHARE

#ffffffqTox is installed as default in TROMjaro for a reason: because it is the most complete of them all and the most trade-free of them all. You can easily create a local account and share it with your friends. Create group chats, send files of any size, do audio/video calls (although it does not support screen sharing), and more. It looks like a normal messenger, it works like a normal messenger, yet it is is fully decentralized and trade-free. It is yours, and you control it.">;">qTox is installed as default in TROMjaro for a reason: because it is the most complete of them all and the most trade-free of them all. You can easily create a local account and share it with your friends. Create group chats, send files of any size, do audio/video calls (although it does not support screen sharing), and more. It looks like a normal messenger, it works like a normal messenger, yet it is is fully decentralized and trade-free. It is yours, and you control it.

#ffffffSignal Messenger is, for now, mainly meant for mobile. The desktop application only works in tandem with the mobile one, but we thought it is worth mentioning that such an app exists. On desktop one can send as many files as they want (however they are limited in terms of file-size), preview files in the app, send encrypted messages, emjoi and stickers, and do video/audio calls.">;">Signal Messenger is, for now, mainly meant for mobile. The desktop application only works in tandem with the mobile one, but we thought it is worth mentioning that such an app exists. On desktop one can send as many files as they want (however they are limited in terms of file-size), preview files in the app, send encrypted messages, emjoi and stickers, and do video/audio calls.

L2

#ffffff">;">

#ffffffOn Riot you can organize teams, voice/video chat in a decent way, and the text-based communication is very rich in terms of features. It allows the integration of a variety of tools such as document sharing, bots, public chats, and more. Riot, depending on the [matrix] server one uses, will have a file-size limit in terms of file sharing – a technical limitation being based on centralized servers. Overall Riot is one of the most complete and modern messengers out there.">;">On Riot you can organize teams, voice/video chat in a decent way, and the text-based communication is very rich in terms of features. It allows the integration of a variety of tools such as document sharing, bots, public chats, and more. Riot, depending on the [matrix] server one uses, will have a file-size limit in terms of file sharing – a technical limitation being based on centralized servers. Overall Riot is one of the most complete and modern messengers out there.

L2

#ffffff">;">

#ffffffFractal is a very simplified version of Riot that is mainly geared for text-based communication. In a way, it makes communication of this kind better by removing most of the options you’ll see in Riot, allowing users to fully focus on the conversation itself. It does not provide audio/video chats, and same as Riot, it has a file-size cap for file sharing.">;">Fractal is a very simplified version of Riot that is mainly geared for text-based communication. In a way, it makes communication of this kind better by removing most of the options you’ll see in Riot, allowing users to fully focus on the conversation itself. It does not provide audio/video chats, and same as Riot, it has a file-size cap for file sharing.

#ffffffCabal relies entirely on multiple nodes to create streams of communication. It is very easy to set up and use. Perhaps too simplistic. For basic communication (text) and group chats, Cabal does a good job. It does not support video/audio calls or file sharing. Therefore if you only want to text with your friends, then Cabal is perhaps the easiest to use and set up.">;">Cabal relies entirely on multiple nodes to create streams of communication. It is very easy to set up and use. Perhaps too simplistic. For basic communication (text) and group chats, Cabal does a good job. It does not support video/audio calls or file sharing. Therefore if you only want to text with your friends, then Cabal is perhaps the easiest to use and set up.

#ffffffRetroShare provides perhaps the most complete suite of decentralized communication tools out there: chat, group chats, email, forum, channels, or advanced file sharing (with synchronization and all). It does support audio/video chat but it is experimental, very difficult to setup, and not reliable. You can organize teams with RetroShare in a very easy manner, and share as many files and folders with your friends as you want.">;">RetroShare provides perhaps the most complete suite of decentralized communication tools out there: chat, group chats, email, forum, channels, or advanced file sharing (with synchronization and all). It does support audio/video chat but it is experimental, very difficult to setup, and not reliable. You can organize teams with RetroShare in a very easy manner, and share as many files and folders with your friends as you want.

L2

#ffffff">;">

#ffffffThis is a very simple IRC (chat) app. Text based and channel oriented. Very simple, maybe too simple. It is a bit more complicated to understand how to connect with Ana, but once is done it is a simple chat messenger.">;">This is a very simple IRC (chat) app. Text based and channel oriented. Very simple, maybe too simple. It is a bit more complicated to understand how to connect with Ana, but once is done it is a simple chat messenger.

#ffffffJami is one of the best trade-free messaging apps as it is fully decentralized, it supports audio/video and file sharing, and it is very easy to use. It is true, it is not geared towards group-chats, but it does support video/audio calls between multiple peers. It is modern looking too.">;">Jami is one of the best trade-free messaging apps as it is fully decentralized, it supports audio/video and file sharing, and it is very easy to use. It is true, it is not geared towards group-chats, but it does support video/audio calls between multiple peers. It is modern looking too.

L2

#ffffff">;">

#ffffffYet another Matrix client. This one does not support video/audio calls but the interface is very simple and cute. Group chats and file transfer are supported.">;">Yet another Matrix client. This one does not support video/audio calls but the interface is very simple and cute. Group chats and file transfer are supported.

#ffffffThis article will be updated from time to time to add new apps to the list.">;">This article will be updated from time to time to add new apps to the list.

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Autor: trom

A Trade-Free operating system based on Manjaro Linux. We think it’s easier to use than MacOS, better than Windows, more customizable than Android, and more secure than iOS. For Internet users, media editors/consumers, programmers, writers, designers, artists. Everyone!

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